U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Strategies to Improve Health Outcomes and to Reduce Disparities in Rural Populations
The Strategies to Improve Health Outcomes and to Reduce Disparities in Rural Populations initiative encourages research to promote a greater understanding of the challenges faced by rural population groups, for the development (or adoption/adaptation) of evidence-based interventions that can reduce health risks faced by rural Americans. Both prevention and treatment interventions are needed to address rural health issues. Prevention strategies should address and measure reductions in risk factors and enhancement of protective factors, while treatment approaches would seek to measure and address amelioration of health in individuals living with existing conditions. To accomplish these goals, the research community will be encouraged to use a wide range of culturally appropriate methodological approaches that can enhance access to and acceptability of interventions in rural settings, such as telehealth and community-based prevention research, where appropriate.
Research objectives include, but are not limited to, studies that:
- Promote a greater understanding of the challenges faced by rural population groups in the U.S.
- Identify disparities among population groups living in the rural U.S. and strategies that specifically benefit those communities
- Lead to identification of social determinants of health, especially: 1) Risk and protective factors specific to rural areas; and 2) To encourage incorporation of these into development or adaptation of prevention interventions
- Implement evidence-based interventions (EBIs) relevant to the culture of rural populations and settings in the U.S.
- Incorporate study designs that are most appropriate to, or can benefit, rural communities, such as: 1) Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR) approaches, that take advantage of resources central to rural areas; and 2) Remote health technologies to increase reach of intervention strategies (e.g., in remote rural areas)
- Understand the factors that determine the sustainability of health promotion strategies in rural settings
Amount: A total of $2,500,000 is available to make four awards that range up to $350,000 per year for up to five years.
Eligibility: Higher education institutions; nonprofit organizations with or without 501(c)(3) IRS status; for-profit organizations; governments; independent school districts; Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities; Native American tribal organizations; faith-based or community-based organizations; and regional organizations.
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