U.S. Department of Justice: Innovations in Community-Based Crime Reduction ProgramDeadline: April 30, 2018
The Innovations in Community-Based Crime Reduction (CBCR) Program is part of the Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) Suite of programs, which is focused on reducing violent crime. CBCR focuses on high crime communities with concentrated distress and hot spots of crime and directly supports the U.S. Department of Justice’s priorities to reduce violent crime (sometimes associated with gang activity), assist communities struggling with drug abuse, and support law enforcement officers by integrating officers and enforcement strategies into community-based crime reduction efforts.
The goal of CBCR is to reduce crime, increase mutual trust, and improve community safety as part of a comprehensive strategy to rebuild neighborhoods and spur revitalization. Through a broad cross-sector partnership team, including neighborhood residents, CBCR grantees target neighborhoods with hot spots of violent and serious crime and employ data-driven, cross-sector strategies to accomplish this goal. The CBCR Program approach is focused on four core objectives:
1. Place-based strategy: To better integrate crime control efforts with revitalization strategies. Efforts to reduce crime are rooted in broader revitalization activities in recognition of the inextricable link between housing, education, health, economic development, and public safety. CBCR sites target a specific geographic area within a community with high levels of crime or types of crime in order to most effectively direct resources and to positively influence multiple social disorganization factors, such as concentration of high-risk residents, limited infrastructure, collective efficacy, and neighborhood physical conditions.
2. Community oriented: To increase community and resident engagement in shaping and sustaining crime prevention and revitalization efforts. In CBCR, residents and neighbors are key to keeping communities safe. To catalyze and sustain change, there must be active involvement and leadership of neighborhood residents throughout the revitalization process. Understanding residents’ views of neighborhood change is critical. Community-oriented strategies should be driven by local data and needs, and should address critical issues comprehensively. The fiscal agent should have established relationships in the community, demonstrate a daily presence in the community, and lead the community and resident engagement efforts.
3. Data driven: To improve the use of data and research to problem solve and guide program strategy. CBCR sites are strongly encouraged to work with a local researcher or research team to conduct a broad examination of crime drivers in hot spots and then consider appropriate evidence-based or innovative strategies to address these drivers. Local researcher-practitioner partnerships can help a community assess program implementation and intended program impacts, as well as assess gaps in services, strategies, and partners.
4. Partnerships and capacity building: To promote sustainable collaboration with cross-sector partners to tackle problems from multiple angles. Developing the capabilities of a cross-sector partnership, as well as the community, should be a key strategy of organizations pursuing comprehensive revitalization. Applicants should have a demonstrated commitment and capacity to form partnerships and work collaboratively, and should ensure community members have the right knowledge and skills to contribute meaningfully, even if they face ongoing challenges in their attempts to identify crime issues and develop a targeted strategy to address those issues.
Applicants will develop and complete a strategic, collaborative, and community-oriented plan to reduce crime in a target neighborhood and then begin implementation of the plan during the project period. Applicants will use Planning and Implementation funds to:
1. Engage in a required 9 to 12-month planning phase to:
- Pursue community partnerships and leadership that ensures the community is active in the process. To have a fully functioning community partnership, time is needed to engage all residents and community partners, build trust, and seek data and input in the planning phase. Applicants should focus on building strong community engagement strategies and innovative approaches to collecting resident input and context during the planning phase.
- Identify, verify, and prioritize chronic crime hot spots within the identified neighborhood.
- Work with cross-sector team and law enforcement partners to develop a multifaceted strategy, drawing on a continuum of approaches to address crime drivers.
- Complete an early action project.
- Collaborate regularly with local law enforcement, a research partner/team, and the community to conduct an analysis of crime drivers and an assessment of needs and available resources.
- Develop a comprehensive implementation plan to reduce crime that includes the analysis, methodology findings, and a plan that articulates the range of strategies that the CBCR cross-sector partners plan to pursue.
2. Upon completion of the planning phase, engage in an implementation phase to:
- Convene regular, ongoing meetings with cross-sector partners and the management team.
- Share regular input/discussions with the research partner and assess program implementation.
- Build the capacity of residents and the cross-sector management team to continue to coordinate research and maintain program assessment.
- Implement, modify, and evaluate strategies, as appropriate. Redirect program activities when ongoing analysis indicates program goals are not being met.
- Identify and develop a sustainability strategy for longer-term implementation of CBCR Program core principles, including the active role of neighborhood residents.
Amount: A total of $10,000,000 is available to make up to 10 awards of up to $1,000,000 each. The period of performance is 36 months.
Eligibility: States, institutions of higher education (including tribal institutions of higher education), units of local government, nonprofit organizations (including tribal nonprofit organizations), and federally recognized Indian tribal governments as fiscal agent.
The application requires a consortium of criminal justice, community, and/or human service partners (referred to as “cross-sector partnership”) to plan and implement a targeted strategy addressing violent and serious crime in a specific community. One entity will serve as fiscal agent, providing grant oversight and accountability. The fiscal agent, as a core partner, must demonstrate the ability and commitment to accomplishing the following:
- Focus efforts in a neighborhood with a concentration of chronic hot spots of violent and serious crime and/or opioid-related crime.
- Address crime issue(s) that represent a significant proportion of crime or type of crime within the larger community or jurisdiction.
- Demonstrate ability to hire and support a full-time skilled lead site coordinator who will oversee and facilitate coordination and collaboration among criminal justice and service providers.
- Convene, lead, and engage a broad cross-sector partnership team that must include law enforcement, other criminal justice partners, neighborhood residents, and relevant community stakeholders. The cross-sector partnership team should have the capacity to conduct the necessary research activities.
- Demonstrate commitment, and a clear history of partners, to support data collection and analysis throughout the life of the grant.
- Facilitate, as appropriate, collaboration with relevant local, state, or federal initiatives and resources (e.g., PSN Suite of Programs, Choice Neighborhoods, Promise Neighborhoods, anti-gun and gang programs) located in, adjacent to, or overlapping the jurisdiction that addresses issues that relate to the crime issues identified.
- Employ a range of data-driven, cross-sector strategies (enforcement, prevention, and intervention) connected with revitalization efforts to reduce crime and violence and improve community trust.
- Support the planning and sustainment of the program through proactive program management tied to rigorous research and data analysis, program assessment, and leveraging other funding and resources.