U.S. Department of Justice: Innovative Responses to Behavior in the Community
The purpose of the Innovative Responses to Behavior in the Community: Swift, Certain, and Fair (SCF) Supervision Program (SCF Program) is to provide state and local parole and probation agencies with information, resources, and training and technical assistance (TTA) to improve responses to offender behavior in accordance with the principles of swiftness, certainty, and fairness to prevent recidivism and reduce crime in their jurisdictions. Through this grant announcement, the Bureau of Justice Assistance will select multiple applicants to develop, implement, or enhance an SCF Program model (Category 1). BJA will also select a TTA provider to support the Category 1 grantees and the field at large, and to operate a national resource center (Category 2).
Category 1: In order to develop, implement, and sustain SCF-informed strategies, BJA will make up to four awards to applicants to pursue the following objectives:
- Develop and implement supervision strategies based on the SCF principles, including responses to positive and negative client behavior.
- Evaluate the efficacy of those strategies to reduce recidivism.
- Increase the number of supervision decisions (e.g., assignment of conditions of supervision and responses to violations of those conditions, responses to antisocial behavior that do not rise to the level of violating conditions of supervision) that are fair and consistently applied, and with consequences that are transparent.
- Promote and increase collaboration among agencies and officials who work in probation, parole, pretrial, law enforcement, treatment, reentry, and related fields.
- Develop a plan to sustain effective SCF supervision strategies and related collaborations beyond the award period.
- Develop and implement strategies for the identification, targeting, supervision, and treatment of “high risk/high needs” offenders who are being supervised in the community. (This should include a preliminary assessment of whether those high risk/need offenders are also violent offenders who might not be suitable for community supervision).
- Increase the number of participants in programs, based on the SCF model, who believe that the supervision decisions are fair and consistently applied, and the consequences are transparent.
Priority consideration will be given to applicants that:
- Propose an SCF initiative to reduce violent crime. Applicants are encouraged to propose strategies to reduce recidivism among high risk offenders under supervision who have a history of serious violence and are identified in concert with local and/or state law enforcement. Proposals must include a description of how this group will be identified and demonstrate access to and use of data and law enforcement input.
- Propose an approach to assess how their agency’s supervision practices align with the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) framework and improve alignment as it relates to the target population proposed for the SCF initiative. For example, agencies may use the RNR Simulation Tool,11 or something similar, to assess capacity to provide risk-reducing programs to the target population; then revise program offerings and content based on the results.
Category 2: BJA seeks a highly qualified team of experts to provide training, technical assistance, coaching, and SCF-fidelity oversight to new and previously funded grantees so they can appropriately assess their needs, develop focused strategies, understand the importance of each component of an SCF model, encourage collaboration, and implement their strategies with fidelity. The TTA provider will be expected to work closely with the grantees funded by BJA in Category 1, as well as up to 13 grantees previously funded, and to also work closely with three to four nongrantee jurisdictions to help them establish and implement SCF initiatives with fidelity.
Amount: Varies by category:
- Category 1: up to four awards of up to $600,000 each, with an estimated total amount awarded of up to $2,400,000
- Category 2: one award of up to $865,000
Eligibility: Varies by category:
- Category 1: Eligible applicants are states, units of local government, and federally recognized Indian tribal governments (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior).
- Category 2: Eligible applicants are limited to national-scope private and nonprofit organizations (including tribal nonprofit or for-profit organizations) and colleges and universities, both public and private (including tribal institutions of higher education).
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