U.S. Department of Energy: Innovative Technology Development to Enhance Fossil Power System Operability, Reliability, and Economic PerformanceDeadline: April 5, 2018
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) National Energy Technology Laboratory’s Crosscutting Research Program aims to bridge the gap between the basic sciences and applied research as it relates to advanced energy systems that utilize domestic resources. Long-range transitional research is needed to support the identification and growth of novel concepts that will lead to scientific breakthroughs and early adoption of innovative concepts for power generation. Goals for this research include enabling, improving, and protecting power systems through the application of applied novel concepts of the key technologies identified under the Crosscutting Research Program. The National Energy Technology Laboratory will support innovations in the following two areas of interest:
- Area of Interest 1: Sensors & Controls Technology Development for Cybersecure Fossil Power (Paper Study): Support will be awarded for comprehensive analyses of potential approaches to reduce cybersecurity risks associated with the deployment of distributed sensors and advanced controls. Studies should target fault-tolerant approaches that address the needs of existing coal-based power plant technology as well as the more connected plants of the future. For example, the project could guide the development of an effective monitoring methodology or framework to distinguish faults and attacks despite the apparent similarities in how they manifest themselves in the power plant and its control network. Consideration should be given to proactive and predictive security measures. Analyses should also address the technology development process for sensors with extreme environment capability that are cybersecure. Technologies, frameworks, and best practices developed for other operational environments – for example, with funding support from the DOE Office of Electricity Transmission and Energy Delivery – and particularly the transmission and distribution electricity infrastructure, should be evaluated for applicability in the fossil power generation context.
- Area of Interest 2: Computational Tools to Support Advanced Manufacturing of Fossil Energy Technologies: Novel computational approaches are sought to predict the structure and properties of extreme environment materials (EEM) for fossil energy applications produced by advanced manufacturing. The proposed approach should address the capabilities of modeling embedded microstructures, component geometry, multi-scale behaviors, and multi-material components, because such variations are now physically realizable and widely used. High-temperature mechanical properties consistent with component application service conditions (e.g., high-temperature, dynamic loading) should be included in the modeling methodology. Modeling methodologies capable of predicting corrosion and oxidation properties based on the manufacturing process are also of interest. Applicants must specify the fossil energy component or components of interest, relevant specification for material performance (microstructure, mechanical properties, etc.), proposed advanced manufacturing approach, and summary of critical fabrication issues. Preference should be given to high-cost components such as those based on nickel-based superalloys and challenging applications such as the joining of dissimilar materials and complicated geometries where the Advanced Manufacturing value proposition is likely greatest. Computationally-derived process-structure-property relationships should be validated against industrially-relevant experimental data with prediction uncertainty and range of applicability documented.
Amount: Dependent on areas of interest as follows:
- Area of Interest 1: A total of $500,000 is available to make two awards of $250,000 each. There is a required cost share of $62,500. The period of performance is two years.
- Area of Interest 2: A total of $2,250,000 is available to make three awards of $750,000 each. There is a required cost share of $187,500. The period of performance is two years.
- Individuals, including U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents may apply as a prime recipient or subrecipient.
- Domestic entities: For-profit entities, educational institutions, and nonprofits that are incorporated (or otherwise formed) under the laws of a particular state or territory of the United States may apply as a prime recipient or subrecipient.
- Domestic public entities: State, local, and tribal government entities may apply as a Prime Recipient or Subrecipient.
- Federally funded research and development centers and national labs: DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) and National Laboratories (NL) are eligible to apply as a subrecipient only.
- Federal entities and instrumentalities (other than DOE) are eligible to apply for funding as a subrecipient only.
- Foreign entities are eligible to apply for funding as a subrecipient only.
- Incorporated consortia , which may include domestic and/or foreign entities, are eligible to apply for funding as a prime recipient or subrecipient.
- Unincorporated consortia, which may include domestic and foreign entities, must designate one member of the consortium to serve as the prime recipient/consortium representative. The prime recipient/consortium representative must be incorporated (or otherwise formed) under the laws of a state or territory of the United States.