U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Youth Violence Prevention Interventions that Incorporate Racism/Discrimination Prevention (R01-Clinical Trial Required)
The Youth Violence Prevention Interventions initiative seeks to support research to develop and test youth violence prevention interventions that incorporate Racism/Discrimination (R/D) prevention strategies for one or more health disparity populations in the National Institutes of Health-designated health disparity populations, including Blacks/African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, socioeconomically disadvantaged populations, underserved rural populations, and sexual and gender minorities. The target age range includes middle school to high school-aged youth, corresponding to an approximate age range of 11 to 18.
Research under the Youth Violence Prevention initiative may involve examination of: (a) the combination of existing violence prevention and R/D prevention interventions; (b) the addition of newly developed R/D prevention elements into existing violence prevention interventions; or (c) the development of new, fully integrated violence and R/D prevention interventions. Relevant pilot data are required, but it is not expected that all intervention elements will have been pilot tested as an integrated intervention.
R/D prevention components are expected to reduce the incidence, frequency, or intensity of interpersonal R/D and/or structural R/D. R/D may be related to race/ethnicity and/or other statuses among youth from health disparity populations, such as gender, sexual/gender minority status, disability status, social class, religion, national origin, immigration status, limited English proficiency, or physical characteristics.
Examples of interpersonal R/D prevention strategies include but are not limited to the following:
- Increasing awareness of unconscious bias
- Shifting social norms and reinforcement of inclusive behavior
- Fostering greater contact and interaction between groups of youth or between youth and adults
Examples of structural R/D reduction strategies include but are not limited to the following:
- Adjustment of policies or practices that differentially impact certain populations of youth
- Monitoring to ensure equitable enforcement of policies
- Cultural competency and diversity training for organizational personnel
Projects are expected to use an approach that encompasses multiple domains (e.g., biological, behavioral, socio-cultural, environmental, physical environment, or health system) and multiple levels (e.g., individual, interpersonal, community, societal) to address youth violence (see: https://www.nimhd.nih.gov/about/overview/research-framework.html, for examples of health determinants of interest). Interventions may be delivered in any variety of settings, such as schools, hospitals, community organizations, faith-based organizations, or juvenile justice settings. It is expected that projects will involve collaborations from a variety of relevant organizations or groups, including but not limited to academic institutions, health service providers and systems, state and local public health agencies, school systems, school-based student or parent associations, community-based organizations, and faith-based organizations. It is also expected the interventions developed will have potential for sustainability in the intervention setting after the project is over as well as scalability to be implemented in other settings.
Violence prevention targets of interest include but are not limited to the following:
- Fighting, bullying, and other school-based violence
- Electronic aggression
- Dating violence (including physical and sexual violence)
- Family violence
- Violent behavior in juvenile justice settings
R/D prevention targets of interest include but are not limited to the following:
- Hate crimes
- Teacher/classroom practices
- School disciplinary practices
- Law enforcement practices
- Criminal justice practices
- Behavior of neighborhood businesses and services
- Local media messages
Amount: A total of $3,500,000 is available to fund up to five awards that will range up to $500,000 annually. The maximum project period is five years.
Eligibility: Higher education institutions; nonprofit organizations; for-profit organizations; governments; and other entities, including independent school districts, Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities, Native American Tribal Organizations, faith-based or community-based organizations, and regional organizations.
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